Originally published in 1893 as a portion of the author’s larger “The World: Historical and Actual,” this Kindle edition, equivalent in length to a physical book of approximately 16 pages, describes the four great wars of the ancient Greeks: the Persian, Peloponnesian, Macedonian, and Roman. Also includes a brief discussion of the Messenian wars.
Sample passage: Thermopylae was a narrow pass, through which the mighty army had to march, in gaining a foothold of advantage. Its defense was entrusted to Leonidas, king of Sparta, and his squad—for it was hardly more than that—consisted of three hundred Spartans, with their Helots, or serfs, and about twenty-five hundred men, gathered from other cities of Greece. The latter proved to be of no real assistance. On one side was one of the largest armies ever in array anywhere or at any time, and on the other a small battalion. Had the position of the defenders been approachable only on one side, as generally supposed, the resistance would have been effectual, but there was a weak point, a secret path, by which the enemy could flank them.
About the author: Frank Gilbert (1839-1899) was educated at the Auburn Theological Seminary. He served as Editor of the “Chicago Inter-Ocean” (newspaper). Other works include “Jethro Wood, Inventor of the Modern Plow” and “Railway Law in Illinois.”