Oxford and the surrounding vicinity were originally home to the Nipmuck Indians. They and the Puritan efforts to convert them to Christianity are the subjects at the outset of Mary Freeland's account of Oxford. In 1689 the original group of English colonists was joined by French Protestants (Huguenots). The author describes the fate of Oxford and that of its citizens in every conflict on American soil from Queen Anne's War to the U.S. Civil War. The work also includes genealogical and biographical sketches of a number of Oxford families.